Bordetella bronchiseptica infection in cats. Bordetella bronchiseptica is related to bordetella pertussis, which is.
The disease is highly contagious and easily spread between cats and other companion animals.
Bordetella infection in cats. Synopsis • bordetella bronchiseptica (bb) is a primary pathogen of domestic cats, • zoonotic infections have been incidentally recorded in the literature. In addition, cats with bordetellosis may shed the bacteria for at least 19 weeks after initial infection, so be sure to isolate your animal from other cats. The disease is caused by the bacteria bordetella bronchiseptica and can be a primary cause of respiratory disease in cats or it may run as a concurrent infection with viral infections such as calicivirus and feline herpesvirus.
Prevention and control of bordetella bronchiseptica infection in cats. Its epidemiology, pathogenesis, and clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic features. This bacterium can be a cause of upper respiratory disease in cats, but is mainly a problem where cats are kept together in large groups such as rescue shelters and some breeding households.
The organism of the cat is in charge of eliminating this bacterium through the oral and nasal secretions and it is through these same secretions that another cat can be infected. Feline bordetella bronchiseptica infection had received little consideration until recent years when it has been increasingly documented in association with respiratory disease. What causes feline bordetella infection?
Bordetella (bd) is a highly infectious disease which causes kennel cough in dogs. Unvaccinated cats, cats that are under stress, and cats that are immunosuppressed because of conditions such as feline leukemia virus (felv) or feline immunodeficiency virus (fiv) are also at greater risk. Bordetella bronchiseptica is a common cause of respiratory infection in dogs and cats.
The disease spreads quickly, especially among cats in shelters and young kittens. Good cattery practice (particularly good hygiene practices and the reduction of stress in cats) is an important aid in the prevention of urtd in cats. All cats can suffer from bordetella although it is much more common in those cats that live with others felines in overcrowded conditions, for example, in an animal shelter.
The bacteria that causes the infection is considered zoonotic, which means it can be transmitted from animals to humans. References parkhill j ,sebaihia m ,preston a , et al. Bordetella treatment to diagnose bordetella, your vet swabs your cat's throat and cultures the material.
This article reviews current knowledge on the organism; Feline bordetella is a contagious respiratory infection of cats. Apart from general measures, antibiotic therapy should be considered for the treatment of upper respiratory tract disease (urtd) in cats.
The bacterium is susceptible to common disinfectants. Bronchiseptica infection is an upper respiratory infection that can cause typical respiratory symptoms in cats. The symptoms of the disease can be mistaken for a wide variety of other upper respiratory illness in cats or can be overlooked entirely.
The disease has a high morbidity but low mortality and is diagnosed in individual pets as well as in group. Binns s h, dawson s, speakman a j et al (1999) prevalence and risk factors for feline bordetella bronchiseptica infection. In acute cases of infection in young cats, antiviral drugs may help treat lesions on the cornea and upper respiratory signs.
Bordetella infection in cats is a bacterial disease that most often results in upper respiratory issues. Comparative analysis of the genome sequences of bordetella pertussis, bordetella parapertussis and bordetella bronchiseptica.nat genet. Treatment of bordetella bronchiseptica infection in cats.
The document has moved here. Bronchispetica) is a bacterium that can cause disease in a number of animals, and also rarely in humans. The best way to prevent this type of infection is to vaccinate your cat against bordetella.
• the bacterium is susceptible to common. Cats in multicat homes, cat shelters, breeders and catteries are at risk from bordetella bronchiseptica and urtd due to the effects of stress. Prevention is the best protection vaccinating is the best way of protecting against bordetella bronchiseptica.
Feline bordetella is caused by the bacteria bordetella bronchiseptica. Cats with severe b bronchiseptica infection require supportive therapy and intensive nursing care. The bacteria can often survive for a couple of weeks on surfaces, so it’s important to clean and disinfect feeding bowls and bedding if you’re dealing with.
Cleaning ocular and nasal discharges from cats with bordetella bronchiseptica infection is an important nursing consideration. • the bacterium is shed in oral and nasal secretions of infected cats. Until now prevention of feline upper respiratory tract disease (urtd) has been limited to cattery management.
It is sensible to consider b bronchiseptica as a rare cause of zoonotic infections. Dawson s, jones d, mccracken c m et al (2000) bordetella bronchiseptica infection in cats following contact with infected dogs.